熬夜整理!超级全的 SCI 写作句式模板给你准备好了!

熬夜整理!超级全的 SCI 写作句式模板给你准备好了!

对于非英语母语的中国科研工作者而言,完成研究项目以后的另一大难题就是:论文写作


不准确的措辞、冗长单调的句子使得文章黯然失色,精彩的研究亮点也被埋没于平淡无奇的文字当中。除了请专业人士润色外,还可以将词句表达替换成更地道、严谨的写法。


今天,笔者就把不同写作场景的常用句型分享给大家。

写在前面:

首先,要明确科研论文写作的语言要凝练且直白,论述过程要短而快,直奔主题。科技文写作应言简意赅,用简短的语句表明丰富的内容与深刻的内涵,不要长篇大论地凑字数,而是短小精悍。


有些朋友喜欢追求写出英语阅读一般的「长难句」,这是一个误区,要知道精彩的句子并不意味着长而拗口,对于科技文而言「微言大义」才是关键。

那么,下面这两种写作风格,哪个更适合科技文写作就一目了然了吧?

a. Yesterday, my mother bought an apple, which is red, for me.


b. My mother bought me a red apple yesterday.

本文索引:

1. 引入研究对象——切中要害,渐入佳境

2. 描述其他研究不足——舌战群儒,唯吾独尊

3. 阐述研究目的——有的放矢,长风破浪

4. 涵盖范围与组织架构——张本继末,达地知根

5. 文献综述——博采众长,兼听则明

6. 描述样本信息——追本溯源,真凭实据

7. 数据分析——鞭辟入里,分毫析厘

8. 讨论——虑周藻密,枝叶扶疏

9. 引用他人意见——它山之石,前车之鉴

10. 关于语态

* 以 A 和 B 泛指人名,999 泛指数字,2020 泛指年份,均可根据实际需要进行替代。

例:

(1) Statistical significance was (     )

a) accepted at the 999 level.

b) set at P = 999.

主句的括号中可根据需要选填 a 句或 b 句,即 Statistical significance was accepted at the 0.05 level. 或 Statistical significance was set at P = 0.05.

1. 引入研究对象——切中要害,渐入佳境

(1) Recent studies have explored the (     )

a) impact of ____ on ____.

b) differences/similarities between ____ and ____.

(2) Over the years, an enormous amount of research has been (     )

a) carried out in an attempt to ____.

b) conducted to determine ____.

(3) Considerable research attention has been (     )

a) paid to ____.

b) directed toward ____.

(4) A number of recent studies have (     )

a) examined/investigated ____.

b) focused/reported on ____.

c) linked ____ to ____.

d) addressed the issue of ____.

2. 描述其他研究不足——舌战群儒,唯吾独尊

There is limited research investigating ____.

There is scant evidence that ____.

To the best of our knowledge, no study has focused on ____.

Few studies have investigated the impact of ____.

Relatively little is understood about ____.

Few attempts have been made to investigate the role of ____.

Previous studies have disregarded ____.

Research on ____ has relied primarily on ____.

Previous research has largely overlooked the (     )

a) importance/significance/issue/role of ____.

b) challenges associated with ____.

c) possibility that ____.

3. 阐述研究目的——有的放矢,长风破浪

(1) The aim of this study/paper/article/essay/report is/was to (     )

a) address the issue of ____.

b) evaluate the effectiveness of ____.

c) identify the characteristics of ____.

d) extend this area of investigation by ____.

e) clarify the role of ____.

f) examine the variables associated with ____.

(2) This study/paper/article/essay/report was (     )

a) commissioned by ____.

b) carried out to examine ____.

c) undertaken to determine ____.

(3) In the present study, we (     )

a) describe a framework for ____.

b) propose a series of solutions for ____.

c) provide a theoretical basis for ____.

d) highlight the key differences between ____ and ____.

(4) This study/paper/article/essay/report sought to (     )

a) assess/describe/test ____.

b) shed light on ____.

c) provide detailed information on ____.

4. 涵盖范围与组织架构——张本继末,达地知根

An in-depth analysis of ____ is not within the scope of this article.

____ lies outside the scope of the present study/paper/article/essay/report.

(1) This study/paper/article/essay/report provides an overview of (     )

a) recent developments in ____.

b) issues relating to ____.

c) the current debates about ____.

d) the effect of ____ on ____.

e) the critical factors influencing ____.

f) the basic concepts of ____.

g) current research on ____.

(2) This study/paper/article/essay/report (     )

a) is divided/organized into 999 sections/broad parts/distinct sections.

b) comprises/consists of 999 parts.

c) is comprised of 999 sections.

(3) This study/paper/article/essay/report is organized into 999 main (     )

a) parts, the first of which deals with ____.

b) parts, both of which focus on ___.

5. 文献综述——博采众长,兼听则明

The literature on ____ has its roots in ____.

Despite differences in ____, there are areas of agreement.

Most researchers working in the area of ____ agree on____.

Much previous work on ____ has focused on ____.

A recent line of research has focused on ____.

A widely accepted hypothesis is that ____.

While there is wide agreement that ____, views differ on ____.

Numerous scholars have (     )

a) conducted research on ____.

b) noted that ____.

c) pointed out that ____.

d) attempted to identify ____.

e) sought to understand phenomena such as ____.

f)  contended that ____.

6. 描述样本信息——追本溯源,真凭实据

(1) Participants in this study were (     )

a) randomly selected based on ____.

b) selected from ____.

(2) For the purpose of this study, (     )

a)  ____ was measured with ____.

b)  ____ was classified/defined as ____.

(3) The survey included (     )

a) a variety of questions on ____.

b) a set of questions designed to ____.

c) 999 questions, split evenly between ____ and ____.

7. 数据分析——鞭辟入里,分毫析厘

(1) Statistical significance was (     )

a) accepted at the 999 level.

b)set at P = 999.

c) determined by ____.

d) assessed by ____.

e) not achieved due to ____.

(2) Means and standard deviations (     )

a) were 999 and 999.

b) were determined through ____.

c) were obtained from ____.

d) were calculated for each ____.

e) are presented in Table 999.

8. 讨论——虑周藻密,枝叶扶疏

(1) Our findings (     )

a) can be divided into 999 categories: ____.

b) can be compared to results of earlier studies that ____.

c) provide strong evidence that ____.

d) reveal that ____.

(2) The results yielded (     )

a) some interesting findings.

b) no signs of ____.

c) no significant correlation between ____ and ____.

d) no statistically significant relationships between ____ and ____.

(3) Future research will have to (     )

a) clarify/confirm/determine (whether) ____.

b) shed light on ____.

c) address ____ in more detail.

d) meet the challenge of ____.

9. 引用他人意见——它山之石,前车之鉴

A was one of the first to define ____ as ____.

In his 2020 study, A argued that ____.

A and B have put forward the hypothesis that ____.

A’s impact on ____ has been widely examined.

Both A and B ____. However, while the former ____, the latter____.

While A’s findings indicate that ____, it has not yet been demonstrated that ____.

A number of studies ____. Specifically, A and B examined ____.

As an example of ____, consider the study of A, which ____.

10. 关于语态

英文写作中会涉及到主动语态(active voice)和被动语态(passive voice),究竟应如何选择语态?


笔者此处将润色编辑、写作指导老师与其他相关材料的建议加以概括:

(1)在论文写作中,两种语态都是正确的;

(2)人文社科往往关注动作发出者,而自然科学通过被动语态将注意力转至动作本身,同时减少使用第一人称;

(3)在动作发出者不够明确时不适合使用被动语态;

(4)过多使用被动语态使句子冗长、文章乏味、缺少活力;

(5)语态选择也受作者本人写作风格、投稿期刊喜好和作者机构写作规范等影响。

本文提供的句式主要起到抛砖引玉的作用,帮助大家写作时进行同义替换,使表达更加丰富、地道,多写多练形成自己的写作风格才是硬道理。


熬夜整理!超级全的 SCI 写作句式模板给你准备好了!

内容策划:Hebe
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